Learners can listen to the American speakers and repeat after them. just for Vietnamese speakers who want to master their English pronunciation skills. “The DVD machine. Listen closely to my recording of the poem while you read along. There will be no innovations and no additions. We teach you the correct pronunciation, thus reducing your accent. So, the best fighter was the one who memorized the largest number of attacks and counters, because he had the highest probability of winning, no matter what attack came. But the Vietnamese education system only prepares the students to deal with people who just stepped out of a textbook. This needs to be reversed, fifty minutes of listening and ten minutes of production would be a better ratio. Adult Education Series No. Can you hear the difference? Listening is the first step. This is true of all societies to varying degrees. But in Asian ESL, students are asked to produce after one or two hearings. Don’t know about Vietnamese, but you’re probably on to something. The same is true for Taiwanese when they speak English. Center for Applied Linguistics, Arlington, VA. The brief bibliography is a sampling of useful pronunciation materials for the ESL (English as a Second Language) teacher. Listening to, and speaking with native speaking teachers is the best way to reduce your accent. 7. Hello ANDREW SCAGLIONE ! There are a few grammatical issues which can cause problems for Vietnamese learners. Correction of common English pronunciation mistakes made by learners with Chinese as their first language. Good foreign ESL teachers do model the target language, before asking students to produce it. Without going 100% into ALG or applying it exclusively to an ESL classroom in Vietnam, I believe, beyond any doubt, that a significant factor contributing to Vietnamese students having pronunciation issues is that they simply don’t listen enough. Accent Reduction - Communication can become a problem if the accent is not correct. The best way to use this poem to practice/test your pronunciation is to:1. I teach English to grades 1-9 at a Japanese school. He will read an article like this and say words to the effect of, “Interesting article. To make matter worst, in vietnamese, cettain ending sounds are associated with certain tones; for example words end with t, c, p must either have either of the 2 high tones (dấu sắc, dấu nặng); dấu sắc estentially mean raising your tone. “I need the DVD player,” I said, and then everything was fine. Actually, the teacher didn’t think of it, he learned it from his teacher, who learned it from his teacher. It won’t be as severe as in Chinese because Mon Khmer languages have multi-syllabic words. In language learning, this method is also applied, but doesn’t work. We Need to Know, Chinese Investment in the US Is Slumping, but Don’t Blame Trump, US-China Trade Relations in the wake of the US Section 301 IP Investigation, China’s Economy at the 19th Party Congress, China-Trump Trade Policy Leading into the Final Quarter of 2017. Then learn though games. Then the student was taught one prescribed reaction to each situation he would face. Antonio holds a PhD from Shanghai University of Sport, where he wrote his dissertation, in Chinese. When you begin to learn Vietnamese language, you see the Vietnamese alphabet, Quốc-ngữ, and think, “Oh this is easy. I learned a lot from the points – Does someone In this chapter, you’ll find exercises to help you pronounce every main … Do you agree? It is particularly bad in Southeast Asia where, during a listening exercise, a student would think nothing of having a conversation with his neighbor or making a call on a cell phone. This guide points out the specific problem areas and gives pronunciation exercises to deal with each problem. Obviously, language is a living breathing thing which will not follow rules established in a classroom. We need the machine,” I said. Vietnamese is a tonal language: each of its 6 tones changes the meaning of a word. Culturally, there are a number of factors which adversely effect the Asian learner: Face – students don’t want to make any mistakes because they could lose face. But none of this matters.” The short answer is: if you want students to have native-like pronunciation, they need to listen for 800 hours. As very few words are longer than 7 letters it is often necessary to form a word using two words, but they are two distinct words. Read the poem out loud [speaking]. Antonio Graceffo, PhD, China-MBA is the author of seven books about China and Southeast Asia. Father’s (really?) In Vietnamese, the number is a bit higher, but still much lower than English. It looks like the Roman alphabet.” But then when you read aloud, no Vietnamese person can understand you. The first relates to the verb to be. In addition, Antonio received his China-MBA, from Shanghai Jiaotong University, and is currently completing a second PhD at School of Economics Shanghai University, specializing in China –US Trade, China’s Belt and Road Initiative, and Trump-China economics. I had the DVD, but I needed the player. They don’t raise their tones at the end of a question, like many other english speakers. The reason, of course, is that although the characters used in Quốc-ngữ are derived from the Roman or Latin alphabet, Quốc-ngữ is not the Roman or Latin alphabet. pronouns [which exist] can also act as possessives Toi=I,me,my, ps: my vietnamese is awful and often misunderstood. As a result, listening skills are relatively strong, students are aware of their own pronunciation problems, and they are often highly communicative even at pre-intermediate level. Adult Education Series No. OK, that makes sense. I don’t think tones in vietnamese is more significant than the words themsleves; they just form part of the words. Or the other thing that will happen is they will over-pronounce the final consonant, making it an extra syllable, like “good-duh” or “bad-duh”. The tone is more important for conveying meaning than the phoneme. : And if you don’t ask the question, exactly as it is written in the book, there would be cultural barriers preventing the student from answering. Language Courses for Vietnamese Speakers I speak Vietnamese. Read the poem out loud again. Also, there are over 400 million English native speakers from countless countries, on ALL of the continents. Read on! They are Vietnamese and Khmer. The pronunciation of combinations of letters differs from the pronunciation of the same letters pronounced separately. You brought up some good points. He has worked as a lecturer and as a program director of business education and research for joint venture universities in China. Try one of our free language courses today. I’d very much appreciate if you or Antonio (the article’s author) would share your thoughts on this. I haven’t studied Vietnamese as deeply as I have Chinese. This type of logic is applied to all forms of pedagogy in Asia. Do your best to read with a good rhythm as it will help your pronunciation.2. They are taught to recognize words by tones. Whatever your approach, BusyTeacher.org has 230 pronunciation worksheets to back you up. English Pronunciation Exercises for Speakers of Vietnamese. If you haven’t heard the sounds, you can’t reproduce them. Not wanting to stand out – in most of the cultures across the region, the culture calls for conformity and for people to fit into prescribed roles in the society or in the group. Indochinese Refugee Education Guides. But I am not certain if the Vietnamese interpret or hear their own language this way. Listening: I am a proponent of ALG Automatic language Growth, a listening-only method of language acquisition. “NO, we have the DVD already. When it comes to language learning, the Vietnamese are faced with several problems. Before starting English pronunciation training it really helps to have a good idea of what areas of English pronunciation speakers of your first language find challenging. As a result, when vietnamese people speak english, they tend to pronounced words ending with t, c, p and many other sounds that they deem similar, like x, sh, in a high pitch. Vietnamese has three major dialects: Northern, Central and Southern. Learn English for free with 1644 video lessons by experienced native-speaker teachers. For native English speakers, these two sounds are very distinct. Or, the sound may even exist in the mother tongue, but never as a terminal sound. Vietnamese ESL students share many of the same pronunciation errors that ESL students from elsewhere do—consonant clusters, long and short vowel sounds, and swapping one consonant sound for another. Which communicative exercises and techniques have your Vietnamese … In English we use to be to link the subject and a predicative adjective – for example He ishungry. But apart from the tones, the linguistic rhythms are quite similar. In America, a students would normally receive a very low grade if he dutifully repeated the teacher’s words, rather than thinking of an answer himself or herself. Let me take it one step further along if I may…, As with all non-native English speakers, I notice that Vietnamese speakers talking in English share some mannerisms. – Thai and Myanmar has as much a problem with many aspects you mention, including different script, tonal language, monosyllabic vocabulary, final consonant rules, and the like. The ALG pedagogy seems modeled after the natural language acquisition of human beings. From my experience, a glaring problem facing Vietnamese speakers of English is that of pronouncing words with the "s" sound (for instance, "professorship"). But in Asia, the goals in a group activity are consensus and harmony, not standing out or being exceptional, as say an American would try to do. Related articles: * There are no pronouns in Vietnamese This site uses cookies to deliver a better user experience. I am looking at ways to try and improve the pronunciation of the learners at my school.”, “As a linguist, do you have any insights into spoken English and the difficulties that syllable-timed L1s (Vietnamese people) might have learning a stressed-timed L2 language?”. Actually, I’d say that Vietnamese is a mono syllable language. Language courses made by the people. This is because they are non-existent in Vietnamese. Compelling Conversations: Speaking Exercises for Vietnamese Learners of English is based on our original and highly successful English as a Second Language (ESL) textbook, Compelling Conversations. No matter what level your students are, what theme you want to use in your lesson, or what kinds of pronunciation exercises you want to organize, we’ve got worksheets to fit the bill. helps explain some of the differences, but not the one I asked about above. http://www.ikindalikelanguages.com/labs/print.php?id=99, The Official Story of the Collapse of WTC Building 7 Lies in Ruins, Dual Citizens in Congress? Indochinese Refugee Education Guides. Due to the whole structure of their language, it’s difficult for Vietnamese to hear our glottal stops and to produce plosive and voiceless consonants. ... Site language: English. A note on the effect of tones in the vietnamese language. With Vietnamese, the pronunciation is often so far off that you have no idea what they are even trying to say. Zoo Jew Jew. For whatever reason, it just seems that across Asia, listening skills, even in the mother tongue, are horrendous. Consider, for example, the case of a Saigonese trying to mimic the northern accent (or a Hanoian attempting to speak with a southern accent), often to disastrous effect. (CFM), National Indochinese Clearinghouse, Center for Applied Linguistics, 1611 N. Kent Street, Arlington, Virginia 22209 (free). I always tell them that “like children, we first learn to listen before we can talk, we can utter sounds easily but producing meaningful utterances is the first step to speaking.”, – Tone isn’t more important, but it is equally important, since tone (not sound) is a differentiator at the level of the letter(s) being used, and therefore the word itself (and its meaning). These English speaking exercises help to boast our vocabulary and give us confidence. On an essay exam, the teacher expects to see the students reproduce, verbatim, his or her words, from the lecture. Learning English speech sounds not found in some dialects of Vietnamese, e.g. The Vietnamese equivalent of the verb to be is là, but là is not used in the same way as to be. For over 12 years I’ve helped thousands of Vietnamese professionals and students achieve clear, confident, more fluent English. Each lesson is divided into three parts: (1) the pronunciation drill itself; (2) language notes, an explanation of the linguistic problem involved; and (3) teaching notes, suggestions for teaching strategies. The pronunciation of the letters is quite different. Some of your observation could be applied to the entire vietnamese education system rather than just english learning. Generally, when I write a piece about a language, I send it to my teacher, David Long, the world’s leading expert on ALG. Vietnamese speakers come across various difficulties in learning English pronunciation. To me sometimes this becomes a very obvious way to identify a native vietnamesr speaker. These English speaking exercises are a great place to start and encourage learners to keep on learning English. Students are conditioned to react to very specific stimuli. ENGLISH - ACCENT REDUCTION . I am interested in the linguistic sources of these patterns. But I am not sure to what degree this is a problem for Vietnamese students. This in turn gives encouragement to learners of English as a second language to carry on improving and learning. When a westerner learns Chinese or Thai, he has no presupposed notions of how any of the strange characters should be pronounced. I think you are spot on regarding the ending of words; vietnamese do have big problems with that. Vietnamese is a beautiful, musical language…that has very little in common with English. 4,24 Tr learners. The more the students listen, the better their pronunciation will be. It takes the end sounds (which they drop) and puts them at the beginning of the next words, which isn’t only easier for them, but also what native speakers do naturally! The focus of the entire program is on speaking, rather than listening. Let’s get the Asian-consistent problems out of the way first. The pronunciation of letters occurring at the ends of words is often different than when those same letters appear at the beginning or in the middle of a word. Expanding from your comment on the word “cash,” it seems to me that native Vietnamese speakers often will drop the “s” sound from English words. Pronunciation is always a problem for Asian students, but in my experience, having taught in a number of Asian countries, the Thais and Vietnamese seem to have the most problems with pronunciation. The lessons are arranged, for the most part, in order of decreasing difficulty. Pronunciation is always a problem for Asian students, but in my experience, having taught in a number of Asian countries, the Thais and Vietnamese seem to have the most problems with pronunciation. Nice analysis! If, in his mind, he is applying Vietnamese sound values to the Roman alphabet, his reading will be unintelligible. The Confucian education system, which is prevalent in Taiwan, Korea, Japan, and Vietnam, is based on rote learning. Those four things actually explain a lot about why native Vietnamese speakers talk the way they do in English. Vietnamese is tonal, whereas Khmer is not. Native Vietnamese speakers face 4 main English pronunciation challenges when speaking English: 1. Look at the definitions of any of the bolded words below that you don’t know.3. pronoun, “ho” [with dot under the ‘o’] = they Now, getting to the specific issues of pronunciation for Vietnamese students; Vietnamese is a Mon Khmer language. I’m sure the reverse is true as well, so it’s not fair to criticize going in either direction… Personally, I find that there’s often a certain charm to these mannerisms :). Students will generally wait until a number of brave souls have answered before they will answer. No one wants to stand out or innovate, even if it means giving the answer to a question. His China economic reports are published at The Foreign Policy Journal and The Shanghai Institute of American Studies, a China government think tank. The Main Sounds of English. Please pardon my many typos; i was posting this from a phone. If you look on an ESL syllabus, obviously there are always listening exercises built into the curriculum, but they generally account for less than ten percent of class time. FIX PROBLEM ENGLISH SOUND-COMMON ERROR-PRACTICE MATERIALS; Move front of tongue a little higher. They tend to drop final consonants, and I’m pretty sure it’s because syllables in Mandarin typically end with a vowel sound or a soft consonant like “n”, but never a “t” or a “d”, etc. She left, and returned with a DVD. Vietnamese is mono-syllabic and each utterance is basically voiced or the ending letters stop abruptly. In Khmer, I think there are only 8 possible sounds that can come at the end of a word. Along with the lack of listening in the programs, there is a cultural problem with listening. English Pronunciation in Use has some good lessons for this. For example the word BÀ (grandmother) is a different word from BA (father) just as much as BÀ is different from BÒ (cow). To improve their pronunciation of English, I created this sheet with 24 difficult English words for Japanese people to pronounce. I have been teaching in Vietnam for approximately four years. There are only two major Mon Khmer languages (Major meaning used as a national language). I’m speculating in hopes that someone who knows what their talking about can better explain it…. So, he simply listens to the teacher (hopefully) and repeats, with no bias. It is helpful to be aware that Vietnamese speakers can produce some of these fricatives at the beginning of English words and to be aware of the similarity between these initial and final sounds. So I may be off here, but in Chinese, Chinese native speakers are not taught to recognize words by phonemes. In my last post for Chinese students, I looked at some of the consonant sounds in English that are difficult for native Mandarin speakers. I think we can say that the lack of tones in English becomes a factor in listening comprehension and sound reproduction. Vietnamese effort to pronounce English word-final consonants will be towards omitting, adding schwa or replacing by sounds closer to those existing in their mother-tongue. As a result, Vietnamese learner… : 7. Tone, however, severely affect theit intonation. 32 common pronunciation problems. I use this pronunciation drill sheet for 2 minutes at the beginning of class to drill them on proper English pronunciation. In Vietnamese, this same statement would be Nó đói which directly translates to He hungry. Twenty-eight pronunciation lessons are included, preceded by two prototype lessons. With Vietnamese, because of my personal approach to study, I see that 80% of Vietnamese vocabulary is composed of single syllable compound words, derived from Chinese. It takes a long time for most people to do this, and very few will do it 100%. I know how challenging English pronunciation can be for Vietnamese speakers. English Pronunciation Exercises for Speakers of Vietnamese. know if my company can find a fillable a form example to type on ? Language courses for Vietnamese speakers. The sounds of Vietnamese and English are just so different!. The sound systems of Vietnamese and English have very little in common and therefore the Vietnamese learner of English will have great difficulty with pronunciation. Accent Master empowers you to speak clearly and confidently in American English. English Speak Like a Native (ESLAN) presents 15 Common Pronunciation Problems for Chinese Learners. The sound systems of Vietnamese and English have very little in common and therefore the Vietnamese learner of English will have great difficulty with pronunciation. Fantastic discussion . By Antonio Graceffo | Oct 21, 2010 | Asia Pacific, Culture | 14 |, An ESL teacher in Saigon wrote me: “As you may have worked out already, the pronunciation of Vietnamese ESL learners is not great. But, there are 3 primary English pronunciation errors that native Vietnamese speakers should … The meaning of an expression is deducted from the tone of each word and the word itself. The complications of vowels, particularly between tense and lax vowels in English can be tough to learn. Get started. The book reflects our personal experiences and suggestions for helping English learners become more confident, competent, and fluent speakers in English. At least two of which are unique to Vietnam, but the others seem to be consistent across Asia. Twenty-eight pronunciation lessons are included, preceded by two prototype lessons. Yet this 2016 version focuses on improving the accuracy and fluency of Vietnamese English Language Learners. How about the middle of words? Once again, if they don’t listen, they can’t learn the target language and won’t be able to reproduce it. I like this approach and will be researching the methodologies used to facilitate the model. This is significant because if the student’s mother tongue does not contain a certain sound, they can’t hear it in another language. Drill Sheet: Difficult English Words for the Japanese to Pronounce. Classes cover English grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, IELTS, TOEFL, and more. They will identify any problems, and help you correct them. Just for fun, I’ll list out what I learned by reading it (feel free to correct if I am wrong). (You can watch some of my ALG Videos here). Do you have Vietnamese English language learners in your classroom? I just wanted to say that I agree with you 100% in regards to first learning to listen. As for pronunciation, Mon Khmer languages have a very limited number of terminal sounds. FIX PROBLEM ENGLISH SOUND- ... What makes English consonant clusters difficult for Cantonese speaking ESL Learners? Thanks also for your enlightening comment, Ryan. English. Chinese, Korean, or Khmer students have some consistent pronunciation problems, but they can make themselves understood. Do your best to notice any errors you made in pronunciation.4. We need the DVD machine to watch the movie,” I told her. While I do love Vietnamese as a language it is also a very weird one (I’m fortunate to be able to speak 6 other languages), and it is a joy to explore. Students are rewarded for copying their teacher. Take your lessons with you, plug in some ear buds and practice on the train, in between meetings, or anywhere you use your iPhone or iPad. Best of all Accent Master`s unique method is customized for Vietnamese speakers building on your knowledge and the Vietnamese sound system and providing you Vietnamese specific tips. my work colleague edited a sample IRS W-3 form at this site http://goo.gl/tjBwhd you can find a fillable a form example to type on. Obviously, for Vietnamese learning English, the same must be true. Karaoke is a big part of Asian culture, and Vietnam does not … 27 common pronunciation problems. Results of native speakers’ evaluation of Vietnamese-accented final consonants are also concluded to clarify how comprehensible informants’ pronunciation is. With this course you will correct all of these difficult areas of English Pronunciation, making your English clear and easy for people to understand. CASH would be pronounced as CAT because the language of vietnamese does not have sound ending with SH so the vietnamese “approximate” that to the nearest ending that they are familiar with which is T. The article makes for interesting reading. Common pronunciation problems of vietnamese learners of english The General English programme for adult learners at the British Council (called MyClass) focuses heavily on developing listening, pronunciation and speaking skills. If we take Kung Fu as an example of the ultimate expression of Confusion learning: all of the Kung Fu movements which will ever exist, already exist. Listening is of foremost importance to young children, and their desire and need to communicate is their motivation. * The words “the” and “is” are not used Login. Being a Vietnamese myself with a strong, albeit amateur interest in linguistics i find your article very interesting to read. When you learned English, you heard phrases hundreds or even thousands of times before you spoke them. Chinese language backgrounds. The vietnamese language, due to its relience on tones to distinguish certain words, do not use (or use very little) tonal expression. Today, I’m here to show Magoosh’s Chinese learners some of the best resources on the web for pronunciation of English consonants. They won’t all speak the same way. But when a westerner learns Vietnamese, he has to unlearn his suppositions about the Vietnamese writing system. National Indochinese Clearinghouse, Center for Applied Linguistics, 1611 N. Kent Street, Arlington, Virginia 22209 (free) MP-$0.83 FIC-$3.50 Plus Postage. Join millions of ESL students worldwide who are improving their English every day with engVid. * Plurals are optional (does that mean they are rarely used?). I explained this to my Vietnamese co-teacher and asked her to “go get the DVD machine.” She had no idea what I was talking about. You’ll be amazed how much better Vietnamese students sound. What I can’t wrap my head around is that while it is relatively easy for us to learn Vietnamese it is bordering on impossible for any Vietnamese to learn to pronounce a word that ends with an ‘s’. Chinese is composed of single syllables, so the tones are probably more important to tell them apart. http://www.ikindalikelanguages.com/labs/print.php?id=99 Center for Applied Linguistics, Arlington, Va. 77 52p. For example, the word “crystal” – maybe in Vietnamese the “s” sound never gets combined with preceding letters, while that happens regularly in English? As a result, it sounds like whatever they are saying sound flat of expressions. Thai speakers of English often confuse the lateral alveolar approximant /l/ with the alveolar approximant /r/. So “card” becomes “car”, etc. The best student is the one who most accurately copies his teacher and reproduces what the teacher does. In the days when people still fought with Kung Fu or used it for self-defense, the logic in the training was that the teacher would think of every possible attack situation the student would face. When you hear the student speaking with tortured pronunciation, keep in mind that he is hearing something very similar to what is coming out of his mouth, which would explain why the students often don’t understand you. Government think tank * Plurals are optional ( does that mean they even. Repeats, with no bias actually, i created this sheet with 24 difficult English words for the part... Notions of how any of the same is true for Taiwanese when they English. Are over 400 million English native speakers ’ evaluation of Vietnamese-accented final consonants are also to. 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