The term "taboo" comes from the Tongan tapu or Fijian tabu ("prohibited", "disallowed", "forbidden"), related among others to the Maori tapu and Hawaiian kapu. The relationship between people and all living things is characterised by a shared origin of life principle referred to as mauri. However, sometimes there’s another layer of meaning or understanding that needs to be considered. This can be raised as an objection against your New Zealand trade mark or design application, and may impact market sales. tapu sacred restrictionMāori | Noun from newly built houses. In Māori and Tongan tradition, something that is tapu is considered inviolable or sacrosanct. Tapu refers to things that affect us that are beyond our understanding or our power to control. the hākā ‘Kā Mate’ - the Hākā Kā Mate Attribution Bill, acknowledging the hākā as a taonga of Ngāti Toa Rangatira). Ngāpuhi elder Māori Marsden suggested tohunga comes from an alternative meaning of tohu (sign or manifestation), so tohunga means chosen or appointed one. The koru depicts an unfolding fern frond. The hei matau or fish hook depicts abundance, strength and determination. Tapu[1][2][3] or tabu[4] is a Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, with "spiritual restriction" or "implied prohibition"; it involves rules and prohibitions. This can be removed with water, or food and karakia. Many of these items are mass-produced in factories outside New Zealand, often by non-Māori artists. Ten of our favourite Māori words & their meanings. Noa is similar to a blessing. But remember, you … Things or places which are tapu must be left alone, and may not be approached or interfered with. Sites of whale strandings and any whale carcasses from strandings are treated as sacred ground.[8]. Te Paipera Tapu (the Māori Bible) – a labour of love 0 Te reo lover and speaker Brenda Crooks (pictured below) is one of only 5,000 people in New Zealand able to speak Māori and also communicate in sign language, our country’s two official languages alongside English. This is accurate, but the translation doesn’t reflect its full significance for Māori. November 1, 2016. If an intellectual property application goes to a Māori Advisory Committee for consideration, respect for tikanga may play a role in their assessment. Noa is the opposite of tapu, and includes the concept of ‘common’. N1 Glossary of Māori terms Tapu Having restrictions, sacred. Mauri is not limited to animate objects - a waterway, for example, has mauri, and a mountain has mauri by virtue of its connectedness to Papatūānuku. The fishhook represents sustainability as well as traditional knowledge. In Hawaii, a similar concept is known as "kapu".[5]. Richard Wolfe, Reed Methuen, 1987. Values that enhance and protect mauri are: It would be inappropriate to associate some goods and services with Māori elements. This might include contacting the appropriate Māori elders or iwi representatives to: Two items with Māori cultural significance are protected by law in New Zealand: However, for most Māori elements, there aren’t explicit rules or a one-size-fits-all process to follow. The extensions of tapu are the restrictions resulting from contact with something that is intrinsically tapu. In at least one case, a chief declared a whole settlement - Auckland, a newly founded European settler town - as tapu, to clarify to other tribes that he considered it as under his protection.[6]. • Tapu - forbidden, restricted, consequential • Noa - ordinary, free from restriction, free from tapu. The English word "taboo" derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777.. Consider the hei tiki: Familiar The hei tiki is one of New Zealand’s most popular and recognisable Māori symbols. A person, object or place that is tapu may not be touched or, in some cases, not even approached. talk through the circumstances in which the product was developed, and your business plan. The country is going through a real revival of Te Reo these days. A chief's house was tapu, and even the chief could not eat food in the interior of his house. It is New Zealand’s earliest heritage. It has numerous meanings and references. There are many cases where it would not be appropriate to copy or use a Māori cultural element, especially a traditional one. Māori heritage can be divided into the physical/tangible, natural and intangible. Conclusions: Wairua (spiritual) problems can resemble psychiatric disorders or symptoms. ask permission to use a particular Māori element - although in some cases it is difficult to identify who has the authority to grant permission. Look it up now! In Māoridom, kuia is a name is used to show great respect — recognising a person’s achievements, wisdom and contribution. Associating Māori elements with certain goods, like alcohol, could be considered offensive. Any acts undermine or disrespects mauri is therefore objectionable. More meanings for taputapu. In earlier times food cooked for a person of high rank was tapu, and could not be eaten by an inferior. It was sometimes given as a gift to comfort or console. It is one of the strongest forces in Māori culture. Use * for blank tiles (max 2) Advanced Search Advanced Search: Use * for blank spaces Advanced Search: Advanced Word Finder: See Also in Maori. Special consideration and respect Hei tiki is culturally significant and deserves special consideration and respect. The concept exists in many societies, including traditional Fijian, Māori, Samoan, Kiribati, Rapanui, Tahitian, Hawaiian, and Tongan cultures, in most cases using a recognisably similar word, though the Rotuman term for this concept is "ha'a". They may be familiar, but are culturally significant to Māori, and therefore deserve special consideration and respect. Ten of our favourite Māori words & their meanings. A tree such … No matter how familiar you are with Māori culture, it is worthwhile spending some time researching the cultural significance of your proposed intellectual property. It has the head of a bird, the body of a man, and the tail of a fish. tapu synonyms, tapu pronunciation, tapu translation, English dictionary definition of tapu. The ‘footprint’ of iwi and hapū life and culture since the first arrivals in Aotearoa some 800 years ago, it is substantial and touches all parts of our country. Crucial to this process was the concept of utu. For example, in the case of patents and designs, the invention or design must be new and/or original, whereas inventions derived from traditional knowledge may be neither new nor original. This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 03:02. Many applicants for intellectual property rights whose intellectual property contains a Māori element are familiar with Māori culture and may have chosen their intellectual property for its specific Māori meaning. Māori feel an obligation to act as kaitiaki (guardian, custodian) of mauri. Taurahere A modern term used to define Māori whānau living outside their ancestral lands. Tena koe! The manaia depicts a spiritual guardian. She is the head of the aho tapairu, an aristocratic female line of descent. Tapu, tabu or kapu is a Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, with "spiritual restriction" or "implied prohibition"; it involves rules and prohibitions. This will give you the best chance of ensuring your artwork/design is culturally appropriate. Tapu can be interpreted as ‘sacred’, or defined as ‘spiritual restriction’, containing a strong imposition of rules and prohibitions. They must partake in a formal welcoming ceremony, called a pōwhiri, to remove the tapu (sacredness) and become one people with those of the marae. In some cases, they should not even be spoken of. Few have an understanding of Māori culture behind them. Noa, on the other hand, lifts the tapu from the person or the object. Tapu is the strongest force in Māori life. A visitor who has never set foot on a marae is known as waewae tapu or sacred feet. Whakanoa is the process of returning something to its normal state by removing the ‘extensions of tapu’. Large pieces, like canoes (waka) and meeting houses (wharenui), and small pieces, like weapons, vessels, tools, jewellery and clothing, all communicate a story and have meaning and significance. It lifts the ‘tapu’ from the person or the object. Part of this study includes learning tikanga, or the ‘right’ way to do things. The English word taboo derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777.. Manuhiri/manuwhiri guests or visitors at a Marae are considered tapu until food has touched or passed through their mouths. Kia Ora! This represents the vaka/canoe which is important in traditional Pacific navigation and exploring new horizons. La Tapu (Sacred Sail) The basic shape is that of a Pacific canoe sail. For example, alcohol, tobacco, genetic technologies, gaming and gambling all have the potential to devalue Māori people, culture and values. People, places, events and objects can be Tapu and should not be interfered with. While this meaning of tapu is something set apart as sacred, noa means a safe and unrestricted state—but still with the ‘intrinsic tapu’ intact. For Māori, health is not just physical, it is connected to many other concepts. However, another important function of food is to remove tapu so it needs to be handled carefully around things that are considered to be tapu. Having an understanding of Māori culture will help you navigate New Zealand’s intellectual property laws and processes, and could save you time and money. Māori culture. Tapu. Tapu can be interpreted as “sacred” but also “not ordinary”, “special” or even forbidden. Associating Māori elements with these types of goods and services could be considered offensive. The Māori language is pretty integral to what we do here at Tamaki Māori Village – this is the way our people spoke before the arrival of Europeans in New Zealand. Intrinsic, or primary, tapu are those things which are tapu in themselves. In Māori society the concept was often used by tohunga to protect resources from over-exploitation, by declaring a fishery or other resource as tapu (see rāhui). very important and not allowed to be touched or changed, according to the beliefs of the Maoris (= one of the original people of New Zealand): The buildings and places of teaching were tapu. Certain restrictions, disciplines and commitments have to take place if mana is to be expressed in physical form, such as in a person or object. A person, object, or place that is tapu, may not be touched by human contact, in some cases, not even approached. Māori culture is an important part of society in New Zealand.. From intricate wood or stone carvings and traditional Tā moko tattoos to the infamous haka performed by New Zealand’s national sports teams, the island country’s indigenous culture has persisted to modern times and is integral to the nation’s identity.. 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